10 Amphibians on the brink of extinction

The British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums published a list of reptiles and amphibians, which have been the subject of activities for the conservation of these species in zoos in the UK, and thus avoid extinction by zoos.

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1. Komodo Dragon: a member of a family of lizards, the Komodo dragon is the largest living land in sight lizard. For the first time, scientists have written about it in 1910. This lizard can grow to 3 meters, and can reach up to 70 kg. Because of their size, these lizards dominate the ecosystems in which they live. Komodo dragons hunt and make an ambush their prey: invertebrates, birds and mammals. They have two glands in the lower jaw, which identified a number of toxic proteins, so it is believed that their bite is poisonous.

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2. Chicken Frog: Named to taste meat, chicken frog lives mainly in the lowlands, but not in the mountains. It can grow up to 21 inches long, which makes it one of the larger species of frogs in the world.

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3. Axolotl: This creature is often called the “water monster” or “walking fish”. However, the axolotl actually amphibian – not fish, because they reach sexual maturity without undergoing metamorphosis. Instead of developing lung and landfall, adults continue to live in the water and without scales.

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4. Morelet’s tree frog: This is a rare frog with a green trunk, black eyes, red or pink belly. Morelet’s tree frog found in humid subtropics, lowland mountain forests and wetlands in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Belize and Honduras. Frog populations are declining rapidly due hitridiomikoza- infectious disease that kills amphibians. Breed in temporary or permanent water bodies.

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5. Angonoka tortoise: One of the rarest tortoises in the world. Estimated population of these turtles is from 440 to 770 individuals. The population is declining rapidly. The risk of extinction of this species is extremely high: it is believed that this kind of turtles may disappear from the wild in the next 10 -15 years.

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6. Hylomantis (Hylomantis lemur): These Hylomantis so small that they can easily fit on the tip of your finger! Males are about 3 cm in length, and females slightly larger: up to 4 cm. In both sexes, weak muscle structure, which gives them a fragile appearance. Their movements are slow; fingering legs a few jumps and recreation; greenish-yellow to hide during the day, by night they become red-brown. They are most active at night. Lemur – part of the Latin name means “spirit” or “ghost”. This is the Latin name combined with their night silent movement and bulging eyes.

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7. Golden mantella: This frog is about 2.5 cm in length with a typical golden-orange color. Mainly live in groups of three individuals. In search of food Mantilla spends the whole day. Its food consists of insects, ants, worms and termites. Bright color – this natural protection from predators, since color repeats some poisonous species of frogs.

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8. Round Island boa snake of the family Bolyeriidae. Can grow up to 150cm. Snake has a dark brown color on the back, abdomen lighter with dark spots. 24-hour boa changes its color from dark during his relatively inactive period during the day, to light from the evening until dawn, when a boa constrictor is most active.

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9. sand lizard or common lizard is the only species that lay eggs in burrows dug by females in June and July in quicksand. The eggs hatch in about 1-2 months depending on weather conditions. When young lizards grow, they can reach lengths of 16 to 20 cm.

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10. Algerian legged skink: Usually found in the Maghreb region of North Africa from the main part of the Mediterranean Morocco to the north-west of Algeria. Prefer to settle in dry meadows, woodlands, coastal forests and on lands zoned for agriculture with land cover. This oviparous species.

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