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Kowloon Walled City

It was, for decades, a small exclave of China located in Hong Kong from Britain. It was characterized by the curious of its existence until its demolition in 1993. In 1994 they built a park in its old location.

The establishment of the walled city of Kowloon, Kowloon called, dates back to the Song Dynasty, when it was used as a lookout post against pirates in the area threatened the salt trade. Located on the Kowloon peninsula, near the island of Hong Kong, was rebuilt in the mid-nineteenth century as a fortress. After the cession of the island of Hong Kong to the British Empire in 1842, according to the Treaty of Nanking, China Qing authority believed necessary to establish the walled city in a checkpoint to monitor activity in the area and the implementation of the agreement, before the growing British influence in the area.

The agreement for the annexation of New Territories with Hong Kong for 99 years Britain signed in 1898 excluded the Walled City, which enabled China to keep its troops in place, as no entorpeciese British activity. The population was only 700 people. But a year later, Britain repented of this part of the agreement and, unofficially, decided to end the military site, attacking in 1899. The thing is, officially, legally, the Kowloon Walled City continued to remain in legal limbo outside British law but in the heart of the colony. Its development as typical neighborhood Chinese customs and trade posed no danger and was precisely that the key to steady growth in population.

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The small place remained Chinese territory since its isolation attended outside the turbulent changes of the early twentieth century, the fall of the Qing dinatía, the establishment of the Republic of China in 1911 and the subsequent PRC in 1949.
The Kowloon Walled City was a funny and harmless tourist attraction for British settlers, a living example of the “old China”. That was until 1940, with World War II and the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong. Japanese troops destroyed much of Kowloon, dismantling virtually all of the old fort walls with the stones to build the nearby Kai Tak International Airport.

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