It is the night of July 16, 1917, within hours the day will come 17. In the basement of the Ipatiev house in Yekaterinburg everything is ready to end the dynasty of the last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II; Bolsheviks led by Yakov Sverdlov carried the members of the royal family: Nicholas, his wife Alexandra Fedorovna, the four daughters, Grand Duchess Olga, Grand Duchess Tatiana, Grand Duchess Anastasia and Grand Duchess Maria, besides the little Alexis Nikolayevich, which would be his final resting place. With deceit and lies, all were shot. Outside, the Russian Revolution kept the country under a convulsive state was about to end the greatness of the nation, at least so far.
The story of Grand Duchess Anastasia is surrounded by myths and legends that even today maintain their life clouded by doubt whether he died that night or years later.
The last Tsar
Nicholas II was the head of the Russian home since his father died on October 20, 1894, but the weakness of its decisions and the lack of confidence of the population caused the Czar had the need for methods, say, foreign to handle the country that had remained an important part in the First World War, it is then that Rasputin appeared.
Grigori Rasputin was a monk who was placed in the top monarchist circles which came thanks to Czarina Alexandra, whom he expressed full support because hemophilia Alexis attended her younger son. Rasputin made decisions for the nation, but above all played an important role within the family, especially in women of Nicholas II, with emphasis on the small Anastasia.
The birth of Anastasia
Anastasia Nikolayevna Romanova was born, according to the Julian calendar on June 18, 1901, which caused a great disappointment to his father, who tired of having only daughters, beginning to see the end of his ruling dynasty. The night Alejandra gave birth, her husband took refuge in his chambers and was not to see the baby.
The girl was named Anastasia, which for Orthodox release means resurrection or even disappearance. The title of Duchess placed in a wider range princesses rest of Europe.
Anastasia was a blue-eyed girl with red hair and a beautiful face, and so became a teenager. According to the stories of workers in the household, she was a little devil, naughty and playful.
Raising daughters of Czar was austere, as Nicholas was not known for his excesses in spending wealth; They slept on cots and lived under harsh house rules, rules that did little to keep the Monk far from small. Rasputin was entirely free to enter the room of girls, Anastasia and her sisters, seeing them in her nightgown and pet up to stay asleep and then enter the rooms of Alexandra, with whom he was rumored having an affair.
Anastasia, as a teenager, Grigori letters in which you could see the admiration and love he felt for the family confidant commanded. “My dear, beautiful, my only friend,” wrote Anastasia “How many I have wanted to see you again. Today I dreamed of you. I always ask Mom will come … when I think of you always, honey, because you’re so good to me”.
Rasputin was murdered on December 17, 1916, according to the Julian calendar Anastasia visibly upset and cried for weeks and went to his funeral to mourn inconsolably. Gone was the fate of the dynasty Nicholas II.
After World War II, the Tsar government faced a revolt of the population of the Red Army or the Bolsheviks who captured Nicholas and his family emerged forcing the monarch to abdicate the throne, after accepting that the February Revolution he had escaped from his hands.
On March 2, 1917, Nicholas II and his family were imprisoned, and are constantly changed residence until July 17 of that year, the family, a doctor and a servant were executed. Under the pretext that they would take a photo, the imperial members sat Nicolas Alexis knees, and women at his side; Yakov Sverdlov then announced to the Czar that the people were sentenced to death, just said “What?” when he was shot at close range; then they shot their wives, Anastasia would have been killed with bayonets, while trying to escape.
After the death of Anastasia, the rumors emerged, dozens of women were claiming to be the Duchess, but nobody could prove it (the bodies of Anastasia and Alexis had not been found). The most famous was Anna Anderson, who was held as part of the imperial family, saying that he had escaped from his executioners.
Anna died in 1984, but could never prove whether it was Anastasia, unable to provide sufficient evidence to prove it, but she could not deny it was her.
In 2007 a group of scientists found two bodies in Yekaterinburg presumed as Alexis and Anastasia, and although they were admitted to the royal family, the tests ensure that the female body found measuring 1.70 meters, but Anastasia was much more low height.
Until today there is no evidence that the Grand Duchess died that day, but also that some of the women she claimed to be outside actually.
As clearly stated his name, the teenager disappeared without a trace, neither his death nor life can be checked.